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Paper Code   5
Title   Late Miocene - early Pleistocene climate change in the mid-latitude westerlies and their influence on Asian monsoon as constrained by the K/Al ratio record from drill core Ls2 in the Tarim Basin
Corresponding Author   Chang Hong
Year   2017
Title of Journal  
Volume   153
Page   75-82
Abstract   In order to study the evolution of westerly mid-latitude winds, we analyzed K/Al records from lacustrine and fluvial sediments of drill core Ls2 in the eastern Tarim Basin, for which the sedimentary record is continuous and well dated back to the late Miocene by magnetostratigraphy. The K/Al ratio obtained from drill core Ls2 may be a proxy index for precipitation amounts in the Tarim Basin. K/Al ratios from drill core Ls2 indicate that precipitation increased gradually in the Tarim Basin from 7.24-634 Ma, with a brief but rapid decrease from 6.708-6.702 Ma. Climate became increasingly arid beginning at similar to 5.68 Ma. We attribute these paleoclimatic changes in the Tarim Basin in western China to: (1) global phenomena, such as the expansion of global ice volume, and (2) regional forcings, such as the growth of the Tibetan Plateau and the retreat of the Paratethys Ocean. Expansion of global ice volume and uplift of the Tibetan Plateau migrated Westerlies southward, which results in the transport of moisture to the south and east of the Plateau and enhanced the aridification of western China. The retreat of the Paratethys Ocean may have further exacerbated the lack of water vapor. The change of westerly wind's in the late Miocene-Early Pliocene may have influenced East Asian climate on the basis of comparison climatic indices from these two regions.
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Full Text Link   http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0341816217300565